Having followed this way, it is possible to the prime target of the person — a from circulation of regenerations (sansara), so, to the termination of sufferings and achievement of a condition of release — it also is a nirvana. Following only to moral precepts gives only a temporary relief.
There is an opinion, according to which Buddha's ethics essentially of a bezlichnostn. It at least unilaterally. Really, ascension to a nirvana means immersion in absolutely impersonal, internally not dismembered state. Rescue of the person consists in it. However it is carried out only as a result of efforts of the person, on the basis of his free individual choice. Everything is defined by a measure of virtue of the intentions and acts of the individual found, however, in all set of the previous births. As the moral destiny of the person is completely under control to him and possibilities of his rescue are not limited to anything, except his own sins and mistakes, on this sign Buddha's ethics can quite be qualified as ethics of the personality. As Buddha, the person believes to be approved as the moral personality, has to win against himself as the isolated empirical individual. He can be reproached with this sense that it extremely etizirut concept of the personality.
Other important provisions of the doctrine of Buddha are three of life (: a (, variability () and absence of invariable soul (), and also the doctrine about emergence of all (.
The lack of naturalistic concepts is that they erase a side between social and biological, identify the person and an animal, equate moral values to the biological. Explaining emergence of morals with the course of natural evolution, representatives of naturalistic ethics deny qualitative specifics of an inner world of the personality in relation to environment, exaggerate a role of natural sciences in understanding and improvement of morals, belittle value of moral education.
Thus, the octal way includes three main exercises in moral, contemplation and wisdom: culture of behavior (correct thought, word,, culture of meditation ( understanding and and culture of wisdom ( views).
Morals – concept historical. It is among that universal cultural wealth which define the content of social life from the very beginning of emergence of a human civilization and will remain its major attribute exist the person and society so far. Being one of the most ancient forms of public consciousness, the morals were formed in process of allocation of the person of fauna during formation of the public relations, formation of social collectives and communities.
Pessimism of the first two truth is overcome following to two. The third truth says that the suffering reason, to a it is generated by a, is subject his ox and can be it and is eliminated — to the end to sufferings and, it is necessary to stop desires.
The Buddhism from the moment of the emergence denied effectiveness of sacrifice and did not accept division on Varna, considering society as consisting of two categories: the highest where brahmen entered, a kshatriya and a gakhapata (householders – the people owning landed and other property), and the lowest – it included the people serving the dominating layers.
And here, to a bkhiksh, good truth that the suffering has the. It is the thirst conducting to, connected with pleasure and passion, finding pleasure that in one, in other. Thirst happens three types: thirst of sensual, thirst of regenerations, thirst of existence.
More than 25 centuries ago in one of the small states in the northeast of India at the tsar Shuddkhodana and his wife Maya after long expectation Siddkhartkh's son was born. His patrimonial name was Gautama. The prince lived in luxury, without knowing cares, over time made a family and, probably, would replace on a throne of the father if the destiny did not dispose differently.
The Buddhism recognizes existence of incalculable quantity – in the different worlds and in different periods. Is Buddha of the past, the present and the future. There is a group in one thousand ; there are Buddha, representing different types of activity and a natural phenomenon; Buddha of doctoring and Buddha of immeasurable light, Buddha of indestructible truth and universal, space Buddha. But only for one of them – the one who became the Teacher of mankind, – this epithet is the first and main name.